compensating balance definition

Yet, trade credit — credit granted by a selling firm to finance another firm’s purchase of the seller’s goods — remains the single largest source of short-term business credit. However, there’s an opposite trend to the story since individuals are likely to experience a reduced interest rate. The deposit must not go down below a specific level to control the interest rate from going beyond the boundaries. Relevant costs include differential, avoidable, and opportunity costs.

It’s a condition pre-requisite for the loan from the borrower. For example, a borrower promises to keep $2 million in a checking account if the bank agrees to grant him a credit of $8 million QuickBooks at an interest rate lower than the market rate. The lender can use this left amount to earn interest by loaning it at a higher interest or using it for any other investment opportunities.

  • The weighted average interest rate on the short-term bank loans during the year amounted to 8.59%.
  • When you take out a loan from a bank, it is typically an installment loan — that is, a loan you pay off in several installments.
  • Instead, the bank or the lender has control over the compensating balances.
  • In this lesson, you’re going to learn what happens when you add revenue, expenses, and dividends to the basic equation.

Accounting is built on a solid foundation called the basic accounting equation. In this lesson, you’re going to learn what happens when you add revenue, expenses, and dividends to the basic equation. In this lesson, you will learn not only who accounting users are but also what types of accounting information is used. He specializes in insurance, investment management and retirement planning for various websites. He graduated with a Bachelor of Science in economics from McGill University. Subtract the compensatory balance from the total principal to calculate the available balance.

It is cash that a company holds for a specific objective, and thus, it is not accessible for regular business use. A point to note is that a compensating balance is not the same as restricted cash.

You should consider whether you understand how an investment works and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your compensating balance definition money. -allowed more competition and gave banks the right to expand across state lines to create larger, more competitive markets.


The method adopted by Harrison was his compensation balance, doubtless the backbone of his invention. In this lesson, we will compare avoidable costs and unavoidable costs. We’ll define each term and then give examples of each to highlight the differences. You will learn what they are, why they are important, and see examples. The high-low method is one type of cost-volume analysis used in accounting.

compensating balance definition

The gross method views cash discounts not taken as part of sales revenue. The net method considers cash discounts not taken as interest revenue. They are receivables resulting from the sale of goods or services on account. Non-trade receivables are those other than trade receivables that are tax refund claims, or interest receivables. In a general sense, when the buyer of a promissory note or other negotiable instrument assumes the risk of default.

How Do You Calculate Effective Interest Rate On Installment Loans?

You will learn how to format the reports, as well as what information is reported on them. There may be an informal restricted cash arising from management intent to use a certain amount of cash for a particular purpose. This type of restriction seldom produces a formal segregation on the balance sheet because of its non-binding nature. If the amount is material, special footnote disclosure may be justified. Compensating Balance Plan — an insurance cash flow plan whereby the insurer, in an account specifically set up for the plan, collects premiums and deposits them in the insured’s bank.

A compensating balance is a minimum balance that a company must maintain in an account as part of an agreement with a current or potential lender. A compensating balance is typically used to offset a portion of a bank’s costs when lending out money and is generally calculated as a percentage of the loan.

What Are The Basic Problems That Occur In The Valuation Of Accounts Receivable?

A compensating balance is especially common with corporate loans. It increases the cost of capital to the borrower because he/she is paying interest on more money than he/she is permitted to use. Every company uses debt finance as a part of its capital structure. Most commonly, however, companies obtain debt from financial institutions, such as banks.

compensating balance definition

US GAAP requires that overdrafts typically be treated as liabilities. Accounts receivable turnover is the number of times per year that a business collects its average accounts receivable. The ratio is intended to evaluate the ability of a company to efficiently issue credit to its customers and collect recording transactions funds from them in a timely manner. For the bank, the extra $20,000 compensating balance serves as security for the loan. For the borrower, this extra $20,000 reduces the interest rate they can get on this loan. However, they also have to bear extra interest on the additional $20,000 balance.

What Effect Does A Compensating Balance Requirement Have On The Effective Interest Rate On A Loan?

Without recourse can also refer to a financing arrangement where the dealer’s maximum possible liability is limited to warranties pertaining to the quality of an installment contract. The most liquid of assets, is QuickBooks the standard medium of exchange and the basis for measuring and accounting for all other items. CFDs and other derivatives are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage.

In this lesson, we’ll talk about valuing inventory using the lower of cost or market rule. Compensating balance agreements provide value in low interest rate environments, conditions that exist today. Double-click any word on the page to look it up in the dictionary. Learn what it takes to establish a successful captive insurance company—one that sets the standard and withstands the test of time. Provides step-by-step instructions that would benefit novices and seasoned veterans alike. The most critical element is the extent to which the company surrenders control over the assets transferred. Trade discounts are offered to customers, usually percentage reductions from the list price.

A Compensating Balance

If the cash in question is expected to be used within one year of the balance sheet date, the cash should be classified as a current asset. However, if it is anticipated that the cash will remain unavailable for use for more than a year, then it should be classified as a non-current asset. An overdraft occurs when money is withdrawn from a bank account and the available balance goes below zero. For example, it’s used to meet short term obligations such as operating expenses. It’s also needed when unplanned investment opportunities arise.

Why Would A Bank Require A Company To Maintain A Compensating Balance?

Usually, when the borrower agrees to a minimum balance, they receive better interest rates. Therefore, they can reduce their overall expense by maintaining this minimum balance in their account. However, it may take the effective interest rate of the loan higher. Usually, a company needs to report any such balance as restricted cash.

In this lesson, you will learn how to account for interest-bearing and non-interest bearing notes. We will walk through the journal entries as we try and decide which bank, First National Bank or Ordinary Bank, we wish to borrow money from to start a food truck business. In this lesson, we are going to discuss notes receivable and the calculation of both the maturity date and the amount of interest charged on the note. However, not all restricted cash arises from legal or contractual obligations. Sometimes a company will voluntarily decide to set aside restricted cash.

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